Soil testing displays the physical and engineering properties of soil like moisture content, mineral presence, density permeability, and bearing capacity (the soil bearing capacity is the capacity of the soil to support the superstructure load per unit area).
These properties of the soil decide which type of foundation should be used for construction.
We all know that the foundation is the basement of any building and a defect in setting the foundation may result in the total collapse of the building.
The foundation has to be strong enough to effectively transfer the building weight to the soil underneath.
The foundation has to sustain and transmit the load from the building to the ground, without causing damage to the building or surrounding buildings. It is also directly related to the strength of the house, the number of stories, and the type of roofing.
So, soil testing is indispensable to identify the type of foundation.
The chief Lab Test includes:
The main Field Tests include: